Both schizophrenia and bipolar disorder are characterized as psychiatric disorders in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders fifth edition DSM Schizophrenia is a primary psychotic disorder , and bipolar disorder is a primary mood disorder but can also involve psychosis. However, because of some similar symptoms , differentiating between the two can sometimes be difficult; indeed, there is an intermediate diagnosis termed schizoaffective disorder. While reported and observed symptoms are a main way to diagnose either disorder, studies in the 21st century have allowed psychiatrists to use magnetic resonance imaging MRI scans to try to find better, definite markers. Through MRIs, psychiatrists can see specific structural differences in the brains of people with schizophrenia.
Schizophrenia: Overview and More
Bipolar disorder is a type of mood disorder. People with bipolar disorder fluctuate from feeling down and depressed to feeling super-charged or manic. The disorder used to be called manic depression or manic-depressive illness. However, nowadays, several types of bipolar disorder are recognized: bipolar I, bipolar II, cyclothymic disorder, mixed features, and rapid-cycling disorder. Symptoms vary among people with bipolar disorder, depending on what type of bipolar disorder they have. All have slightly different symptoms.
Comparison of bipolar disorder and schizophrenia
Sexual functioning and its consequences should be a clinically important concern for practitioners and programs serving the needs of persons with schizophrenia. Unfortunately, sexuality is rarely on the radar screen of the vast majority of mental health professionals. By default, the normal and natural sexual interests, needs, and abilities of persons with schizophrenia are sadly neglected in this area of human experience. For the silent chorus of psychiatrists, psychologists, social workers, and allied mental health workers, it is as though persons with schizophrenia are asexual. Awareness and concern by mental health professionals about sexuality in schizophrenia emerge only in the context of its inappropriate occurrence in hospitals or when sexually transmitted diseases or unwanted pregnancies arise as consequences of uninformed sexual activity.
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